You are planning thoroughly your visit to Kiev, surfing the web for home elevators Kiev best sights, restaurants and night clubs, and thinking how to plan your stay the most effective, things to see and where you can go to… You are packing your new camera to be able to make beautiful photos of golden domes, Khreschatik Street and Kiev parks… You are thinking things to wear and checking weather forecast for the occasions of one’s visit… In several days or weeks you will get to some other world with smiling people, ancient brick streets, monuments and cathedrals…
Status: capital of Ukraine
Quantity of regions: 10
Date of foundation: fifth century AD
Area: 839 km2
Elevation: 179 m above sea level
Geographical coordinates: latitude 50°27’N; longitude 30°30’E
Climate: moderate continental with mild winter and warm summer
Temperature: average Kiev temperature in January is 6 degrees below zero Celsius, average in June is 20 degrees above zero Celsius; lowest temperature in winter is 25 degrees below zero Celsius; highest temperature in summer is 32 degrees above zero Celsius.
Population: 2,6 million (2005)
Density: 3178 people/km2
Car code: AA
Phone code: +380 44
Kiev Mayor: Leonid Chernovetskiy (since 2006)
The legend says that there clearly was a prince family of three brothers named Kiy, Schek and Khoryv and a cousin Lybid. Kiy ruled a robust Slavic tribe and was buying place to stay a new house for his people. Once they came to the beautiful hills upon Dnepr river and saw wonderful panorama of blue river and seven hills covered with chestnut trees, they liked that place very much and decided to stay there. They established a town and gave it the name Kiev in honour of these oldest brother Kiy significantly more than 1500 years ago. Prince Kiy and his family lived on one hill, Schek settled on another hill which got the mane Schekavitsa, and Khoryv settled on the next hill called Khorevitsa.
Since 882 Kiev became the capital on ancient powerful state called Kievan Rus. In 998 Kiev Prince Vladimir introduced Christianity in Kievan Rus by baptising Kiev population in Dnepr river. In 1240 the city was demolished by mongol-tatars who invaded Kievan Rus, and later it absolutely was rebuilt. Since 1362 Kiev and major section of Ukraine belonged to Lithuania and Poland and in 1654 it became section of Russian Empire and then USSR.
In 1991 Ukrainian people voted for independence of Ukraine and Kiev became its capital. After that it’s the center of Ukraine’s political, economic and cultural life.
In November 2004 Kiev was the central host to Orange Revolution when hundreds of a large number of Ukrainian people protested against election falsification in the streets and later elected another ruling party and the President of Ukraine.
Most visitors to Kiev prefer apartment or hotel accommodation. Kiev hotels provide security and a particular degree of service according to their level (three star, four star, five star), Kiev apartments allow greater privacy and flexibility. Average single room in Kiev hotel will cost $100-130 per night, while a 1-room apartment with all amenities will cost $40-60 depending on its location, space and extra facilities like jakuzzi, home cinema, etc.
Kiev sights rating
I would recommend you to see:
Golden Gate of Kiev – the ancient gate to Kiev, that is now situated in its very center, it consists of wood and stone with a small golden dome above
St Sofia Cathedral – one of the very most beautiful Kiev cathedrals with Bell Tower and chestnut trees around the cathedral
St Michael Cathedral – newly rebuilt cathedral with beautiful blue walls, ornament and large golden domes
St Vladimir Cathedral – cathedral in Kiev center where official orthodox religious ceremonies take place
St Andrew Church and Andrew Descent (Andreevskiy Spusk) – a popular place with tourists with numerous souvenir booths, old brick descent, art galleries and museums
Kiev Cave Monastery (Lavra) – the ancient monastery where you could start to see the caves where monks lived in ancient times, several churches and the largest Bell tower in Kiev
Russian Art Museum and Ukrainian Art Museum – art connoisseurs will get much pleasure seeing masterpieces of world art in Kiev museums
Kiev Opera and Ballet Theater – an enjoyable experience of listening to call home classical music and watching dances
Pirogovo ethnic village – a way to see old village houses, windmills and household appliances of different Ukrainian regions
War Museum – you can see there numerous tanks and war airplanes and the gigantic metal statue of woman symbolizing Homeland
Kiev Botanic Garden – in spring and summer you can see there beautiful trees and blossoming flowers
Mariinsky Palace – a majestic palace where official government ceremonies take place, it’s surrounded by green park with panorama of Dnepr and its left bank
Independence Square – the central section of Kiev, from that your distances to other cities are calculated, it has a large underground shopping center, central Postoffice, banks and restaurants
Khreschatik Street – main street in Kiev where people can walk on the highway on Saturday and Sunday
Vladimir Mount – a park on the mount with large statue symbolizing Prince Vladimir with cross when he introduced Christianity and baptized Slavic people.
What things to wear
If you come to Kiev in summer, it could be nice to have a summer jacket, jeans and T-shirts, sandals or baskets and probably shorts or dress for the case of heat. For spring or autumn it is much better to have a few warm things and a jacket. For the winter you will need a winter coat or even a warm jacket, a few sweaters, a scarf, gloves and cap.
If you go inside a church or cathedral, women need certainly to cover their head with a shawl, while men have to remove their hats.
Eating out in Kiev
To test delicious Ukrainian cuisine we recommend you these Kiev restaurants:
Pervak restaurant – a medium-price restaurant situated in 2, Rognedinskaya St. You can taste borsch and vareniks, small pies and various meat and fish dishes. The dinner will cost you about $30-50 per person with regards to the food and drinks you choose.
Taras restaurant – situated in Shevchenko park near major Kiev Museums, close to Kiev University. You can order various pancakes along with national cuisine dishes. The dinner will cost you $35-55.
USSR restaurant – located near Kiev War Museum and Kiev Lavra Monastery in 42/1 Sichnevogo Povstannya St. and decorated with USSR symbolics. The dinner will cost you $35-55.
Puzata Khata (Big Bellied House) junk food restaurant which combines original interior in peasant house style, tasty Ukrainian food, vast selection of dishes and low prices. It is located in very center, 1/2a Basseinaya St., in the beginning of Khreschatik. Here you can test traditional Ukrainian pampushky, Chicken Kiev, different salads and main courses. On the initial floor you can also select one numerous cakes and even order fresh made juice. The dinner cost is $3-10 per person.
Zdorovenky Buly (Good Health to You)
That’s a highly popular junk food restaurant located near Khreschatik metro station which probably has the largest selection of different foods: salad bar, pancakes, varenyky, pizzas, soups, tasty desserts. Its comfortable rooms are decorated in a variety of styles: Chinese, Indian, Egyptian and Greek. It even offers Tea bar with cakes where you can sit and talk. Dinner: $3-10 per person.